Is Scotland a Country?


If you are wondering, is Scotland its own country or who rules Scotland? You are at the right place. Scotland is a Country located in the northwestern part of Europe.

Scotland is a country popular due to its rich culture, historic landmarks, stunning landscapes, and vibrant lifestyle. 

As for Scottish independence, Scotland is not an independent country yet. Scotland comes under the framework of the United Kingdom.

Four countries all together make up the structure of the United Kingdom. Scotland is the 2nd largest country in the United Kingdom.

However, if you are still thinking, is Scotland a country in Europe? The answer is Scotland is situated in Europe as a part of the larger landmass known as the British Isles. 

Scotland shares a border with England to the south and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north and the North Sea to the east.

So, geographically Scotland is located on the European continent. So, if you are moving to Scotland from the US, know about the country as well. 

Here is an article about the history, independence, and struggles of Scotland. Let’s get into the details! 

1. Is Scotland Independent?

Scotland is not an independent country but has a level of autonomy within the United Kingdom. Scotland has internationally recognized boundaries. 

The Scottish government has the authority to make decisions in various areas like healthcare, education, transportation, and justice. However, these powers are devolved from the UK parliament. 

Moreover, Scotland is not independent enough to make decisions in key matters like defense, immigration, and foreign policy.

These decisions are made by the UK government in London.  

Is Scotland in the UK?

Yes, Scotland is in the United Kingdom. The UK is a sovereign state that includes the countries of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

Of all the four countries of the UK, England is the largest with a land area of 50,301 square miles and a largest population of  56.5 million. England covers the southern and central parts of the UK.  

Is Scotland part of England?

No, Scotland is not a part of England. However, Both are the constituents of the United Kingdom having their own distinct identity, culture, legal system, devolved powers and governments. 

2. History of Scotland

The early history of Scotland is marked by the presence of various Celtic tribes. These tribes established various cultures and kingdoms across the region.

Later by the 6th and 7th centuries, the Celtic kingdoms emerged including the Kingdom of Picts and the Kingdom of Scots. The Scots Kingdom originated from Ireland. 

These two kingdoms united to form the Kingdom of Alba, which was later called Scotland.

The Viking’s invasion and raids during the 8th to 10th centuries left a lasting impact on the culture and language of Scotland. 

Furthermore, the wars of independence during the 13th and 14th centuries caused serious conflicts between England and Scotland.

great figures like William Wallace and Robert The Bruce played a vital role in Scottish freedom and led toward the victory of the Bannockburn Battle for the Scots. 

However, the crowns of Scotland and England were united in 1603 when James VI of Scotland also became James I of England.

According to the Acts of Union, in 1707 the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England officially united to form Great Britain. 

3. Scottish Independence

Scottish Independence refers to the political movement and the desire to have a separate sovereign country separated from the United Kingdom.


The Scottish independence movement has gained much momentum over the past few years. The Scottish government has devolved powers from the UK parliament.

They argue to have full control over key matters like immigration, and international and domestic affairs for the betterment of the Scots. 

So, in 2014, a referendum on Scottish independence was held in which the people were asked the question ‘ If Scotland should be an independent country?’ 

About 45% of the votes were in favor of an independent country while 55% of voters wanted to be part of the UK.

However, the Scottish government still gained some more powers especially the control over taxation.

Despite the results, the Scottish National Party (SNP) is still struggling for Scottish independence. 

Several debates and discussions are continuing for Scottish independence especially due to the UK’s decision of separation g from the European Union or Brexit.  

Later, a second independence referendum was about to be held in 2023  but according to the High Court, the Scottish government cannot hold a referendum. 

Now, the SNP will use the 2024 elections as the de-facto referendum, meaning voting solely on independence issues. Read if you are wondering, can I move to Scotland.

Is Scotland a Country FAQs

Where is Scotland?

 Scotland is a Country located in the northwestern part of Europe

Which countries make up the United Kingdom?

Four countries all together make up the structure of the United Kingdom. These include England, Whales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. 

Can I move to Scotland?

Yes, you can move to Scotland by fulfilling the necessary immigration requirements for residency. 

What is the official language of Scotland?

The official languages of Scotland are English and Scots Gaelic. 

Which government controls Scotland?

The Scottish government controls Scotland which is a devolved government without the key powers of immigration, foreign policy, and defense. 

Is Scotland’s economy better than other UK countries?

No, Scotland’s economy is not very productive as compared to the other countries of the UK. However, Scotland has its own strengths in industries like oil & gas, tourism, renewable energy, finance and education. 


Scotland is indeed a country located in the northwestern part of Europe. But, Scotland is not a fully independent country. It is one of the four constituents of the United Kingdom.

The other three are Northern Ireland, Whales, and England. Here is what to do in Scotland

The Scottish government has a range of devolved powers from the UK parliament and does not have key powers including various international and domestic affairs.

However, the Scottish National Party has been struggling hard for the full independence of Scotland separated from the United Kingdom.